EPAct 179D Deduction
A result of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the 179D program incentivizes taxpayers to increase the energy efficiency of their new construction or renovation projects. The program focuses on three key areas of construction—interior lighting systems, building envelope, and HVAC—and is in effect for work completed between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2020.
The incentive is based on the analysis of the installed systems as compared to benchmarks designated in the ASHRAE standards. The goal is to achieve a minimum 50% energy savings versus these benchmarks. Depending on the actual level of savings attained, a project can achieve a federal tax benefit of a $0.60 to $1.80 deduction per square foot.
The analysis must be done in compliance with the methodologies outlined in the program, and depending on the scope of work to be evaluated, may include a full building simulation model. As with most tax programs, the benefit is related to the unique facts and circumstances of each individual project. The personal attention each client receives in the “Consult” phase of The Capstan Course will ensure that our team fully understands your unique situation.
45L Tax Credit
Unlike the 179D tax deduction, the 45L incentive is a tax credit. 45L-eligibility is restricted to for-sale residential homes and residential rental property with a maximum of 3 stories, providing a $2000/unit tax credit for qualifying unit/s. Each unit must be assessed individually to verify the required reduction in energy consumption. Credits can be earned on newly constructed or rehabilitated property, but they may be difficult to claim retroactively due to logistical challenges in quantifying costs of materials.
The recent extension of these programs through 12/31/2020 means that many firms may be able to get even more value out of their real estate. Clients are encouraged to consult Capstan regarding eligibility of past projects and planning considerations for future projects.